Comparing minimal pairs of Hebrew sentences with and without movement in a grammaticality judgment task, we found movement-related left lateralized activation in left inferior frontal gyrus, and bilateral activations in posterior superior temporal cortex.

find an article by Ben-Shachar, Palti and Grodzinsky (2004). Briefly explain the main research questions and findings in the article, and discuss how it relates to the other views we discussed this term.

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Ben-Shachar, M., Palti, D., & Grodzinsky, Y. (2004). Neural correlates of syntactic movement: converging evidence from two fMRI experiments. Neuroimage, 21(4), 1320-1336.

Fiebach, C. J., Schlesewsky, M., & Friederici, A. D. (2001). Syntactic working memory and the establishment of filler-gap dependencies: Insights from ERPs and fMRI. Journal of psycholinguistic research, 30(3), 321-338.

Swinney, D., & Zurif, E. (1995). Syntactic processing in aphasia. Brain and Language, 50(2), 225-239.

Neural correlates of syntactic movement: converging evidence from
two fMRI experiments
Michal Ben-Shachar, a,* Dafna Palti,a,b and Yosef Grodzinskya,c
a Department of Psychology, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 69978, Israel
bWohl Institute for Advanced Imaging, Sourasky Medical Center, Tel Aviv, Israel
c Department of Linguistics, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H3A-1A7
Received 10 June 2003; revised 6 November 2003; accepted 21 November 2003
This paper studies neural processes of sentence comprehension,
focusing on a specific syntactic operation—syntactic movement. We
describe two fMRI experiments that manipulate this particular
syntactic component. The sentences in each of the experiments are
different, yet the structural contrast in both is syntactically identical,
comparing movement and no-movement sentences. Two distinct
Hebrew constructions, topicalization and wh-questions, were presented
in an auditory comprehension task and compared to carefully matched
baseline sentences. We show that both contrasts, presented in an
auditory comprehension task, yield comparable activations in a
consistent set of brain regions, including left inferior frontal gyrus
(IFG), left ventral precentral sulcus (vPCS), and bilateral posterior
superior temporal sulcus (pSTS). Furthermore, we show that these
regions are not sensitive to two other syntactic contrasts. The results,
considered in the context of previous imaging and lesion studies,
suggest that the processing of syntactic movement involves a consistent
set of brain regions, regardless of the superficial properties of the



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